Every Saturday in Lent we will have a Holy Hour beginning at 4:00 p.m. followed by Vespers and Benediction at 5:00 p.m. Holy Hour is a time of meditation and prayer in silence before the Blessed Sacrament.
Additionally during Lent, Private Confession will be available from 4-5 on Saturdays.
Life is short. There are only so many Lents. And while we all begin with good intentions, too often we reach the end of Lent regretting that we have squandered yet another opportunity to grow in our life in God. Perhaps this year can be different. Perhaps this year we will resolve not to settle for the status quo in our spiritual life, nor coast in our Christianity.
The most amazing and wonderful thing in the world is that God has made Himself totally accessible in Jesus Christ. We can go to Him, call upon Him, be with Him. May God help us, this Lent, to be deliberate and conscientious; to awake and arise each day with the purpose to keep this Lent in spirit as well as letter.
ThisYear’sLent begins on Ash Wednesday, March 17 and concludes on Holy Saturday, May 1. This holy season prepares us for Easter in three segments: a time of instruction in the Christian Faith (March 17-April 17), a time of pondering Our Lord’s Passion (April 18-28), and a time of immersing ourselves in the mystery of our salvation during the triduumsacrum (“holy three days”) of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Easter (April 29-May 2).
THE THREE DISCIPLINES OF LENT
Lent involves the practice of three disciplines as a preparation for the newness of life which we celebrate with much joy at Easter. For during this great Feast, we both commemorate the Resurrection of Our Lord, and also celebrate the spiritual resurrection of our lives from dead works to serve the living God.
To set ourselves in the right path toward Easter, the Church uses Our Lord’s own words which establish three life-long disciplines. These three disciplines revolve around
♦ Increased prayer (public and private) (Mt 6.1-3)
All three Lenten disciplines form a unit in order to aid us in our observance of Our Lord’s Passion, Death and Resurrection.
Bothprivate&publicprayershould be augmented and increased as part of our Lenten commitment. At St Michael’s, ample opportunities are given to cultivate the virtue of public prayer which, in turn, leads to enhanced private devotion.
The Mass (Divine Liturgy) is celebrated daily at 9 a.m. during Lent. Each day has its own unique theme which unfolds in the prayers, Scripture readings, chants, and meditations. Each day leads us to see the several aspects of Our Lord’s passionate grace.
Vespers & Rosary are also prayed in community every Wednesday at 7 p.m., and the Stations of the Cross with Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament will be offered every Friday at 7 p.m. On Saturdays, Holy Hour will be available at 4 p.m. for adoring and meditating before the Blessed Sacrament displayed on the altar. This will be followed at 5 p.m. by Saturday Vespers & Benediction. During Holy Hour, Private Confession will also be available. You may also join us on Tuesdays @ 8:30 p.m. for Rosary via Zoom.
In the home, increased private prayers and devotions should also be cultivated during this Season. These prayers and devotions should begin and be formed by the Psalms and readings from the Bible. This year parishioners are especially encouraged to spend each day in Lent readingaportionfromtheGospelaccordingtoStLuke.
FASTING & ABSTENTION
InScripturesandtheChurch, fasting is a communal habit. The purpose of the fast is to bring to our mind, each day, Our Lord’s sacrifice, to aid our compassion for others, and to set our minds on spiritual things (Rom. 8.5). Fasting also allows the entire body to participate in the penitence characteristic of this Holy Season.
As a community, on Mondays through Saturdays we abstain from all meat and meat products (except fish); and we fast by limiting the amount of food we eat to one full meal each day and refraining from all snacks. (A smaller meal of soup or salad may also be consumed at another time during the day.)
The Orthodox Lenten Fast does not offer suggestions on what to “give up.” Rather, it prescribes the common rule the faithful are to follow as they fast together. Individuals may choose to “give up” additional items during Lent (e.g., alcohol or screen time), but such choices should not replace the Lenten fast. Likewise, those who (for medical or other legitimate reasons) find it difficult to observe the Lenten Fast should first speak with their spiritual father concerning modifications in order to keep the spirit of the Fast.
More important than the type and amount of food is abstaining from anger, strife, envy, and the other deadly sins so that we might cultivate the godly virtues of humility, charity, chastity, temperance, patience, kindness, and diligence.
Increasedcharitabledonations should also be attempted during Lent, in addition to the regular tithe or pledge. These alms can come from the money saved by eating less during Lent or by decreasing personal spending. By giving to those in need, we remind ourselves that Our Lord’s love knows no economic boundaries.
You may also wish to designate a particular local charity for additional funds. Such charities may include the local FOCUS North America chapter, the IOCC, the OCMC, the Obria Medical Clinic, the Archdiocese Food for Hungry People campaign, or any number of homeless shelters. Donations of foodstuffs are accepted at the church, and opportunities in distributing assistance are frequently advertised.
LAUDABLE LENTEN CUSTOMS
Christians during Lent put the remembrance of Our Lord’s Passion above all other pursuits. For this reason, Lent is a closed season of the Church Year. This means that the solemnities of this season should not be disturbed by wedding celebrations, parties, or other activities that would encourage us away from the three Lenten disciplines of prayer, fasting and charitable giving.
The Liturgy itself during Holy Lent expresses the seasons’ penitential character. The Gloriainexcelsis, the Alleluia, bells, and extra organ music are omitted. Somber violet covers both Altar and Celebrant, lightened on only two occasions: Laetare Sunday, with rose as the proper color; and Holy Thursday, when white is used for the Mass of the Institution of Our Lord’s Supper.
Passion Sunday falls on April 18 this year. At this time, the Lenten observance is heightened in anticipation of the greater nearness of the celebration of Our Lord’s Death. Passion Sunday is when violet veils are placed over crucifixes, icons and statutes in church and home.
The dramatic services of Holy Week bring Lent to its fitting climax. Mass will be celebrated each day of Holy Week, climaxing with the triduum sacrum of Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Pascha.
On Maundy Thursday evening (April 29) in a most splendid and dignified Sung Mass, the Institution of the Most Blessed Sacrament will be celebrated. This Mass concludes with the solemn Procession and the Stripping of the Altar. Every communicant should make every effort to receive Holy Communion on this sacred evening.
The Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ will be celebrated with the Pre-Sanctified Liturgy on Good Friday (April 30). ThisSolemnLiturgyincludestheVenerationofarelicoftheTrueCross and prayers for people in every relationship with God. Every member should make an effort to attend the Good Friday Solemn Liturgy.
The Queen of Feasts will be celebrated with great joy at St Michael’s Church. The feast will commence with the Great Vigil of Easter, which will begin at 7:30 p.m. on Holy Saturday (May 1). Then, on Easter Sunday (May 2), we shall hear again the Gospel of Our Lord’s Resurrection at the Easter Sunday Mass. How greatly our joy would be increased if every communicant member of our Parish would come to the Altar to receive the Eucharist on this Day of Resurrection!
THE END OF LENT
Everything we purpose for Lent is designed to draw us closer to God. What has been offered here (and elsewhere) by the Church will aid us in keeping our resolve and maintaining godly diligence.
The life of self-denial is the path of salvation, and so these practices should not end after the 40 days, but should help us re-group and put forth extra effort to be intentional as we strive to make a new beginning. Without such purposeful commitment, we may complete another Lent, regretting that we have not made the most of the opportunity. May none of us say at the end of this Lenten season; ‘well, maybe next year…?’
If we fast and do not pray; if our prayer dies on our lips without affecting how we deal with others; if our love for God does not extend to those whom He loves—then we have gained little. Let us keep in mind, then, that we keep Lent not for its own sake or as a Spring ritual. Rather, we keep Lent in order to (re-)orient ourselves to God in repentance and prayer.
In the spirit of love, His Eminence has
provided us with a modification to his previous Directive as a first phase to
reopening our church in a measured way. This Directive gives us prudent path
toward receiving the Sacraments beginning Sunday, May 17.
Since it is a first step, there are many
details. These details are important to meet various regulations, but they can
also seem a bit overwhelming.
I found it very helpful to join with His
Eminence in a Zoom call yesterday with nearly 300 priests and deacons in the
Archdiocese. He spoke about the details and answered our many questions. In the
same way, I will be pleased to talk with you and answer any questions you have
when we have our Zoom call this Sunday after Mass.
Before getting to the details, let me
first summarize the spirit and tone of the Directive and today’s call.
His Eminence urges us to not be afraid,
and at the same time to be prudent. None of us wants to do anything that will
hurt others—either physically or, most importantly, spiritually. To paraphrase
His Eminence, “When the life of humans is endangered, doctors use their tools
and we [bishops and priests] use our tools: prayer, forgiveness of sins,
material aid—all toward the goal of saving souls.”
That was the loving message from His
Eminence. It is a message of hope and encouragement, and filled with pastoral
In collaboration with our Diocesan
Bishops, His Eminence has given us discretion in proceeding with caution in the
upcoming weeks. By your continued prayers, they hope that this gradual increase
in our sacramental life will not require any reversal of the positive trends
that we have recently observed.
As you know, the situation in Los Angeles
county is different than in other places. Therefore, with pastoral discretion,
here is how we will implement His Eminence’s instructions at St Michael’s:
Vespers, Sunday Lauds, and Sunday Mass will continue to be live streamed as
before. (Other services will not be live streamed except for Ascension Day.)
Receiving Holy Communion
may receive communion in family groups after the Mass by
registering in advance. To register, you must contact Fr John the day before,
and he will assign your family group a time between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. (A
“family group” consists of those who live in the same dwelling.)
who attend must wear a face covering, except at the moment when Holy Communion
is received. (“The celebrant should not wear a face covering while serving.”)
Communion will be offered in the usual manner. For your safety, Fr John will
clean his fingers and hands frequently when giving communion.
receiving Holy Communion, prepare yourself by saying at least Psalm 42 , 84
, and 122 . For your convenience, these Psalms, with other prayers
before Communion, are attached.
experiencing cold or flu symptoms (fever, coughing, fatigue, etc.), the
elderly, and any at-risk persons should remain at home, and may contact Fr John
for an individual appointment to receive Confession and Holy Communion.
your scheduled time, please remain in your car and maintain appropriate
physical distancing, wearing a face covering, if you interact with anyone
outside your family group.
receiving communion, please depart in the prescribed pattern and in a timely
manner so that the next family group may enter.
the inability to confess during Lent and the long absence from Communion, as
well as anxiety, fear, despair, and other passions we have all felt during this
pandemic, you are encouraged to come to the Sacrament of Penance (Private
Confession) before receiving the Eucharist.
will be available by appointment on weekdays and Saturdays.
distancing between Fr John and the penitent will be observed; and the
absolution will be spoken from a distance without placing a hand on the
Cleaning and Sanitizing
May 15, the entire facility will be professionally deep-cleaned and sanitized
for your safety.
you arrive, we ask that you refrain from touching the pews, door handles, or
other items (except the top of the communion rail, which will be sanitized
between each person).
sanitizer will be available in the Narthex. Because supplies are short, we ask
that you consider bringing your own for personal use.
observe all posted signs which encourage good hygiene practices.
church and parish hall are closed for all non-liturgical functions. All Bible
studies, Didache, catechetical instruction, organizational meetings, and
various groups will continue to meet online (i.e., via Zoom).
May 18, by appointment only the church will be open during the week for private
prayer and lighting candles. Fr John will be available during this time to lead
a devotion or meet with you, following the safe procedures in effect in our
county. If you come during these times, please limit your contact with
furniture, pews, etc. and follow posted signs when you make use of this
will be celebrated daily (see schedule below) and family groups may register to
receive communion after the Mass on any of those days. To
register, you must contact Fr John the day before who will assign your family
group a time.
His Eminence made it clear that our Archdiocese is partnering with other
Orthodox bishops as well as Catholic bishops and Protestant leaders to petition
our State Government and Governor to certify in clear terms that clergy as
“essential workers” and worship as “essential.”
Your patience, understanding, care for
others, and most especially prayers for our state and nation during this
pandemic health crisis are appreciated and welcome. And, by the prayers of the
Holy Archangel Michael, may our parish family be guarded and protected from all
Be assured of my prayers, and that each one of you is close
to my heart while we adjust to our temporary living and work situation.
In his latest directive, Metropolitan Joseph has required all parishes in California (and other states like New York) to celebrate Mass (Divine Liturgy) on Sunday, together with Lauds (Orthros). However, only three persons may be present during these services: the priest, one server, and one chanter.
His Eminence also encourages all parishes to live-stream the
liturgical services so that people may pray together, albeit imperfectly, in their
homes while they follow the directives of the government.
We live-streamed last night’s prayers, and will do the same
tomorrow morning from 9 a.m. until the end of Mass. (The Mass will begin at 10
This link automatically takes you to our Facebook page. You
don’t need a Facebook account to watch the services; however, you may need to
expand the picture. We have learned that this will work much better on a computer
than on a phone.
THIS NEXT PART IS IMPORTANT
It is really hard, and unreal, to participate in the Mass by
watching it on a device in your home. It’s easy to get distracted, to get up
and get something, or to do several things at once. I urge you to resist these temptations
as you watch.
Here are practical tips to get the most out of the
Before 9 a.m., place your device (phone, television,
computer, tablet) on or near your icon corner; OR, surround your device with
one or more icons.
Turn off all possible distractions (phone,
notifications, oven, alarms, etc.)
Like you do before church, take care of all
personal needs beforehand.
Dress like you would for a regular Sunday Mass.
(Casual clothes may encourage a casual, non-prayerful attitude.)
Follow your regular pattern for maintaining the
Eucharistic fast, refraining from food, coffee, etc. until after the Mass.
Print the attached service booklets and have them
Follow along during the services, and sing/speak
along with us, in whatever way you normally would do during the Mass.
As you are able, stand, sit, and kneel as you normally
would do during the Mass.
Finally, resist the urge to offer any comments
online until after the Mass is over.
In short, I encourage you to make these few hours a time of
sincere devotion and worship.
These are strange days, but they can be a blessing if we use
By spending some of our “shelter time” in prayer
and spiritual reading
By caring for each other and those in need in
whatever way we can (even by simply making a phone call)
To aid your Lenten Fast with prayer and meditation, the Society of St Benedict of St Michael Antiochian Orthodox Church will host the V Rev Patrick Cardine on Saturday, March 14, for a day-long Lenten Retreat.
The Society of St Benedict will host the annual Advent Retreat on December 14 from 9 a.m. until 3 p.m. The Very Reverend Patrick Henry Reardon from All Saints Antiochian Orthodox Church in Chicago will offer three meditations during the retreat.
In the pattern of a Benedictine retreat, Fr Patrick’s meditations will be surrounded by prayer and quiet meditation. The minor hours from the Monastic Breviary (prime, terce, sext, none) will be prayed and Mass (Divine Liturgy) will be celebrated. Generous time will also be allotted for quiet contemplation on the meditations.
This retreat is primarily for you—to help remove you, for at least a few hours, from the many distractions in December so that you can focus on the gift of Our Lord in our flesh.
The retreat begins with Prime at 9 a.m. and concludes by 3 p.m. with None and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. Please RSVP by email (StMichaelWhittier@gmail.com) or telephone (562.692.6121).
There is no cost and meals are provided. Donations are gratefully accepted.
Christmas Lessons & Carols will be held on Saturday, 21 December beginning at 6 p.m. This service features 9 Scripture readings concerning Our Lord’s Nativity interspersed with special choral selections and congregational hymns.
A special choir of parishioners and friends of St Michael will be accompanied by a string quartet and conducted by Nathan Fratzke, a USC PhD choral conductor candidate, and Sbdn Ian Abodeely at the organ.
All are welcome to join us for this service of prayer and song, preparing us to celebrate with great joy Our Lord’s holy Birth.
On Saturday, April 13, St Michael will host “Vice & Virtue: A Men’s Retreat.” Participants will be challenged to reflect on the examples of St David the King and St Joseph the Spouse of the Virgin Mary in their personal battle to be victorious against various vices.
The retreat begins at 9 a.m. with prayer and Mass (Divine Liturgy) and concludes with prayer at 4 p.m. In addition to the main presentations, time will be aloted for silent reflection, conversation, and confession.
The retreat will be led by David Paddison, Fr John Fenton, and Dn Nicholas Mamey. Various resources will also be available.
The cost to cover meals is $12.50 online, or $15 in person. Registration is not required, but is requested. See the link below.
For more information or details, contact Fr John Fenton at email@example.com